Child Labour, Abuse & Marriage
Child labour is common in rural and urban areas in Zimbabwe, according to an article in Newsday dated June 2015, 50% of Zimbabwean children are involved in Child Labour. According to Human Rights Watch study in April 2018, Children as young as 11 years old were working on Tobacco Farms, often in hazardous conditions to earn school fees or supplement the family income.
Many stakeholders have alluded to children being exploited for labour in various sectors but the numbers are not documented for various reasons. One of such reasons is that child labour traditionally & culturally is not viewed as labour so exploitation in many forms including sexual favours, abuse and under payment takes place.
The Zimbabwean girl children are a victim of child labour which is a form of slavery or a victim of child marriages.
AWFT in its work has observed this link hence would like to tackle this problem in this project using mostly archival footage from previous programmes to produce videos to bring this problem to the attention of communities and government in an effort to end girl child labour and child sexual abuse resulting in child marriages.
It has been noted that, children experience physical and psychological abuse, exploitation and engagement in non-consensual sexual relations. In such abusive marriages, children are subjected to horrific and brute conditions that resemble a new form of slavery which must be exposed and stopped.
Despite international agreements and national laws, marriage of girls 18 years of age is still common in Zimbabwe and affects thousands. Child labour & marriage are human rights violations that prevents girls from:
- obtaining an education
- enjoying optimal health
- bonding with others their own age, maturing, and ultimately choosing their own life partners.
Africa Women filmmakers Trust in its previous work showed that Child marriage is driven by poverty and has many effects on girls' health: increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases, cervical cancer, death during childbirth, and obstetric fistulas. Studies have shown that Girls' offspring are at increased risk for premature birth and death as neonates, infants, or children.